Graduates of the undergraduate degree in Physics find positions in the labour market, in the fields of industry, finance, services and public administration, carrying out technical tasks or professional support in the following areas:
- acquisition and processing of data in the laboratory;
- monitoring and diagnostics in medical, health and environmental activities or related to energy savings, or conservation and restoration in the field of cultural heritage;
- modelling and numerical simulation of decision making;
- installation, testing and maintenance of complex equipment;
- quality control, identification of items to be checked, range of tolerance, methods of control;
The master degree and subsequently the PhD may lead to get positions in the fields of training, learning and dissemination of scientific culture, for example as a university professor or a teacher at secondary, post-secondary and technical schools. Based on experience, graduates in physics find, in general, stable employment in a short time after the Master program. There is limited information on employment prospects of graduates in physics after the first degree; in fact in the past, the majority of students continued their studies through to the second level. According to recent statistics, on a national scale, the employment rate of master graduates in physics one year after the degree is 90%. By considering a wider sample including master graduates in Physics in the last 5 years, about 50% of them work in industry, 25% carry out research activities, 13% teach in lower and upper middle schools and 12% work in the tertiary sector. Among those working in industry, the majority work in electronics, followed by the IT sector, then the mechanical and electrical sectors.